Secondary Research

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Literature Review

Ageing Well – Department of Health, Government of the United Kingdom

This report details on the physical and mental well-being of the ageing population in the UK. Insights from the report include:
  • Although advancing age is associated with physical and cognitive decline, well-being is consistently found to be higher in later life than among young or middle aged adults in the United Kingdom.
  • However,  this relationship appears to be unique to the UK as other European countries tend to report a decline in wellbeing (particularly happiness) with age.

subjective wellbeing

  • Engaging in physical activity is paramount to ageing well. Being physically active is inextricably linked to independent living and other factors such as social support, both of which are crucial aspects for well-being in older adults.
  • Loneliness typically involves feeling anxious about a lack of connectedness with others and a discrepancy between desired relationships and actual relationships. However, loneliness is not the same as being alone, and can be felt, even when surrounded by other people.

World Population Ageing – 2015 Report, United Nations

The report focuses in detail on the significant changes taking place in the age structure around the world. Insights from the report include:

  • Older persons are increasingly concentrated in urban areas. The percentage of the population of people aged 60 years or over residing in urban areas has increased to 58%  in 2015 from 51% in 2000.
  • Today’s developing countries must adapt much more quickly to ageing populations and often at much lower levels of national income compared to the experience of countries that developed much earlier.
  • Advancements in public health and medical technologies, along with improvements in living conditions, mean that people are living longer and, in many cases, healthier lives than ever before, particularly at advanced ages.
Secondary Research

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